1. Introduction

1.1: The beginning

The laws and regulations of the society are external. They reach to the behaviour, what the man chooses to say and do with his body. But under what influence is the man when he chooses to do things in one way over the other? The behaviour does not spring forth on its own. It is depended on that what the man possesses in himself, what passes through his soul, heart, mind, and/or body (or the lack thereof). First the man experiences specific internal activity, and next he chooses to make use of his body to that end. The external behaviour does merely reflect/confirm the man’s understanding and attitude. The internal activity is the cause, while the external activity is the consequence. The man often speaks about truth and moral values that should be sought for, but the man does not succeed in defining from what pure source it is originated from. It is not only about that in knowing the right answer and possessing the inner strength to act upon it. But the man must also abstain from evil influence which seeks to contradict it, since it would otherwise corrupt the man’s understanding, distract him and lead to negligence of the proper path. Hence it is imperative to discern the internal activity, what kinds of two conflicting natures are involved, what belongs to the sphere of either one, and which one is to be pursued for and which one is to be avoided. The man must first know himself if he is going to overcome himself. And if the man manages to overcome himself then he will be in full control of himself. A self-knowing man ceases to allow bad internal activity (desires, thoughts, impulses) to make impression upon him. He waits patiently for the evil influence to pass, without being swayed by it, and while holding himself in check. What the man carries in himself does affect his personal experience of all things. What is come across out in the world does appeal to existing qualities in man. False and bad opinions of other people fail to obtain reception if bad qualities are absent in the man, while truthful and good opinions of other people succeed in obtaining reception if good qualities are present. The external circumstances and relations with other people must be put into context of that what has already happened within.
                    As the human people become more corrupt then they will decree more and more laws, in which is supposed to lessen their selfishness or contain it. It is come up with different penalties for different crimes, which can be executed in different way and through different intentions, even that it involves corresponding corruption from within. It is neglected to come up with simple definition of the evil nature, what kind of desires, delusions, and impulses belong to it, and will then later manifest itself in weaknesses, vices, and improper conduct. It is important to know what is deemed to be a wrong conduct (like murder, adultery, theft, false witness), and from what source it is always originated from, rather than by dwelling upon the many forms in which that conduct can manifest itself in (how it can be done, the scenery). This work deals with the spiritual activity, when it comes to discern the inner voice and what kind of values belongs to it. It is about the intentions of the human heart, what kind of premises motivate the subsequent behaviour. It can be called principles, moral values, spiritual values, virtues, or good qualities. This work can analyze the inner voice behind all temptations, what kind of temptations belong to it, and what wrong things should be avoided. But the problem remains what should be done after it has been known this fact (the reactions), ‘how’ it can actually be acted upon it, concerning the man’s determination and ability. It can apply that the man can at most avoid the wrong things, by being passive and on the defensive, while the right things are beyond his reach, something he is unable to grasp or obtain. The author confesses his own lack of understanding and ability.
                     Where to begin? What is the first thing which the man needs to know? What is it right now which can apply to the man in his position? It must be something which all men have in common and can relate to. It must be something which the man always has in himself and which follows him. It must be kept to the source, the essence of things, the core, that which can apply to anyone in anything, at any time, anywhere. That is namely the internal activity. It is about that what is happening inside the man while he is experiencing things outside him. It is about that how the internal activity affects the man, his personal experience and involvement. The internal activity includes the soul, heart, spirit, mind, body. It includes the man’s attention, interest, understanding, discernment, initiative, responsiveness, restraining, stability, fellow-feeling, bonding. These are the things which the man makes use of by simply existing. Success and failure is determined by that whether these factors are functioning as they should. There is a need for system which can apply both to high and low, rich and poor, strong and weak. There is a man which owns everything and then there is the man who owns nothing. There is the man who possesses something in himself and there is the man who does not possess something in himself. But both these man have it in common to be bound to their internal activity. They both need to live with that what is happening within them. They both need to carry their own lives wherever they go. They cannot prevent that what keeps appearing within and how it manages to ‘touch’ them. What one man owns does another man not own. The man at the top does not know how the man at the bottom has it. Hence it cannot be made a system which only applies to some and not to others. It must be taken everyone into account. And it can only be taken everyone into account by discovering that what everyone still have left. It should be made a system which is centred upon the man himself. It can be separated all the external things which the man owns and which he has put around himself. It should not be healed the clothes. It should not be included the clothes when examining the human body. It should be kept things simple and essential by having the man alone, naked, and defenceless. How will the man handle solitude? How will the man handle the silence? How will the man handle that what when he is all alone with his thoughts? How will the man handle that what when he has nothing and is confined. Will the man grow restless and begin to seek shelter in external things? Or will the man remain steadfast and endure this experience for as long as it lasts? What does the man need to know for himself if he is going to live with himself? What is helpful when it comes to deal with the internal activity? As it has been said then it should be kept things simple. If there is a doubt about something then the man needs to confess the truth with himself and abide by the same. If the man is growing restless then he needs to stay calm and silent. If the man is beginning to lose himself in thoughts then he needs to shift his attention and keep his distance. If the man lacks something in himself then he needs to pray for the same thing. If something is beyond the man’s control then he needs to be humble and patient about it. These are the simple things which work. It can be repeated the same simple things in countless situation, regardless of differences in the outward appearance. The primary goal is not to own everything. It is rather to feel well and make the best out of the situation. Even that the circumstances are not perfect and ideal then they are still adequate, acceptable, and bearable. The man did at least manage to maintain inner stability and continue to do that which he believes in. Sometimes that is enough. The man lasted out the day. The man fulfilled that which helps himself live with himself.

The man does not need to know about all the wrong paths that should ‘not’ be taken, but he only needs to know about the one right path which should be taken instead. If the man keeps himself on the right path then he will of course not get lost at the same time. But even that the man knows about all the wrong paths then it does still not make him any closer to the right path, whereto he should look for it and how to tread that path to the very end. It should first be understood the basic formulas, and how all of them are built upon the same foundation, and then it can be solved any challenges which can emerge in new circumstances. But one does not first need to remember all possibilities, how answers are already solved as correct, or already disproved as wrong, like when math is involved. It should be looked upon this in context with the spiritual aspect, where the basic formulas are namely charity, spiritual freedom, reason, and nobility of soul. It also concerns the question how one can discern the voice of the intuition, and cultivate it further, so the intuition will reveal itself more clearly in upcoming circumstances. It is however not necessary that one should be aware of all the wrong possibilities, as if it would first be reminded oneself of evil option and next rejected it. For it is either way not part of the right path, so that one is better off not knowing it, without implicating it to oneself.
                     The human body has different organs and limbs which need to work together, so the man can continue to live, operate with success, and perform complex moves. A similar thing applies with the spiritual body, or the man’s soul, where it does of course need to stay healthy, strong, sane, sober, stable, temperate, and able to heal from any wounds or sickness. The benefits in question are not something which we can produce directly into our soul, but it is merely the consequence or the effects, which is determined by other factors. The spiritual body is upheld by moral values, which all belong to the truth and the goodness. The fundamental values are namely charity, freedom, reason, and altruism. The spiritual values must function alongside each other, in a perfect balance and harmony, and work for the same goal in sight. Then can the man become spiritually complete, and fit for any challenges, even as when the physical body exerts itself and endures harsh surroundings. It is not possible have success by relying upon freedom alone, while it is neglected reason and altruism. And it is not possible to rely upon reason alone, while it is neglected charity and freedom. For that one  cannot become free if one does not love oneself. One cannot become wise if one is unwilling to pursue it. And one cannot become altruistic if it is failed to act upon wise counsel. It is not like one can become free and wise if it is contrary to one’s personal beliefs and willingness, so it has not even been bothered to consider its possibility and reach for it.
                     It must first be understood the basic teachings before one is ready to learn the advanced ones. What defines the fundamental values, what do they stand for, and what belongs to them? It must of course first be understood freedom before we can know why slavery is bad and be even more determined in rejecting it. The similar thing applies about charity, reason, and altruism, in what way these values benefit our life, while it is rejected every contradictions, which either deprive us of benefits or lead to maladies. It is not possible to come up with advanced knowledge if the basis remains neglected, even as how a consequence cannot exist without cause, or an end without beginning. If one is faithful in the small matters then one will also be so in the greater matters, because both of them are identical to each other, involving similar principles and approach. It is all about right prioritization, what can be known and undertaken, but it can never happen at random or by some chance. A truthful knowledge must always conform to the good nature, what kind of principle belongs to it, what benefit are aimed for or accompany the result. It should be kept oneself to the few and simple words which define the essence, while it is not as important to know every detail about the surface. It must be separated all the superfluous issues,  minor issues, superficial issues, digressions, long-winded descriptions, pointless contemplations, impractical knowledge. It must be separated that which only came later, but was not there in the beginning and has not stayed all the time. It must involve an universal truth, general knowledge, fundamental lessons, timeless principles, core ethical values.

1.2:  A metaphor about the sources

It can be come up with a simple metaphor about a tree, to describe how the inner source does function. The roots of a tree are the most important aspect of it, where if it is irrigated the roots then there will go nourishment to all other parts of the tree, so in consequence can the branches grow and bring forth ripened fruits. It should however not be irrigated the fruits above the roots themselves, the mere consequence above the cause itself in which leads to it, since the nourishment will otherwise be wasted. There is not received more fruits by gazing upon them, or by straining after a single fruit above everything else, the minor issues above the important ones. But the foundation must be directly cultivated so that everything else will happen indirectly by itself. The ripened fruits will fall down by themselves in the fullness of time, and one only needs to receive them. No shortage will come by taking off the fruits, while the tree itself will produce and carry new ones instead. So the roots themselves are the only priority and no fruits have priority above them.
                     There must first be roots available in a tree before branches can grow. But if one neglects the roots then it cannot be expected that branches or fruits will appear later on, since that all consequences must have a cause prior to it. Therefore must foundation be at hand, involving charity, freedom, reason, and nobility of soul, so that through that basis can all other virtues grow and bring forth good deeds. It is however not like one can neglect one of these aspects and focus rather upon selfish things upon a selfish basis. For example then one cannot both be short-sighted and wise, or slavish and courageous. Reasonable counsel and good deeds is not something that happens by some chance. For the selfish man is unable to look outside the box, while he proves to be so self-centred, self-absorbed, greedy after gain, and indifferent to everything considered generous. The man must first maintain his intentions pure before he can bring forth pure knowledge and pure deeds, but if the attitude proves to be selfish then the offering will become selfish as well.
                     If the man establishes virtues in his life then it will begin to spread to other factors, and influence them for the better. The strength of one virtue will prepare the way for new virtues in one’s soul, so that one begins to have a different look upon the human existence. Every virtue contributes to an indirect victory over the vice which is the opposite of it. The virtues work together for the same goal, and derive strength from each other, so there is always a perfect harmony between the sense of the truth and its moral values. All virtues are kindred to each other, children of the same inner source, and subject to the same truth, so that where there is reason then there is also humility and modesty. The man who speaks the truth is also modest and humble, while a selfish man that is presumptuous is also proud and arrogant, since these good or bad qualities reflect the condition of that man’s heart, upon what basis it is stationed, and what qualities belong to it. If the man allows his vision to become corrupted by selfishness and partiality then he is in no position to preach to other people, how they can have a perfect live according to his message, since that same message is made imperfect through imperfect teacher. The man’s words and human effort can only reach as far as what he has already become, where it does merely reflect that what he has already chosen and yielded to in his heart.
                     It can be mentioned another metaphor of a tree, unless it is supposed to be bad, the exact opposite of the goodness, constantly seeking to contradict it in everything. The bad tree attempts to force itself into the man’s spiritual life, and entangle him with its branches. If the man chooses to receive the bad fruits then the good ones will be overshadowed and neglected at the same time. The bad fruits do not give any nourishment to the man, but they do on the contrary drain energy out from him, and feed upon his soul. If the man is going to reject the bad fruits then he must also reject the branches of the bad tree. And if he is going to reject the branches then he must also reject the roots of the bad tree. It is about discovering the source behind all temptations and problems, what kind of delusions and vices causes the man to become receptive toward it, so the man can thereby confront and overcome it, to prevent identical problems and faults. The man should however not seek to justify the existence of the bad tree, its roots and branches, while the man does only gaze upon that in getting rid of these or those fruits. For even that one bad fruit is tossed away then there will always grow new fruits instead, since that while the branches do exist then other fruits will continue to appear. But even that the branches are hewn off then other branches will emerge with the time, since that while the roots continue to exist then everything else will grow in the bad tree.
                     The evil foundation is namely driven forth by two extremes, selfishness, and self-righteousness, which enslaves the man to obsession for irrelevant things, harmful to his own spiritual health. It does corrupt the man’s understanding, into believing that lies are supposed to be truth and that the truth is supposed to be a lie, and where the wrong path is supposed to be the right one and the right path to be the wrong one. It does then finally lead to improper and immoral behaviour, which is subversive to the environment and other people. The bad tree seeks to entice the man into making use of its bad branches and bad fruits, while he is seeking to resist the bad roots or the bad tree in whole. This means that the evil source offers bad advises against itself, so the man will neglect to notice the good tree and fails to rely upon it as his true deliverance. It does thereby involve an improper struggle against temptations or selfish problems, where the man relies upon self-righteous arguments or tricks in order to obtain victory. But it will only make the man even more self-absorbed and alienated from the reality. It is namely fought upon a wrong basis, like when it is sought to do good things for selfish reasons, or relied upon selfish means in order to achieve good outcome. As the man does digest more bad fruits then he will become even more hungered in his soul, where it does only leave emptiness and increases the problem even further. For that selfish desires are insatiable in its nature, like a vessel with a hole in which can never be filled, but the water will be wasted every time the man attempts to appease it.
                     It can never be made a successful compromise between the good tree and the bad tree. It cannot be attached branches of the good tree to the bad tree, or by attaching branches of the bad tree to the good tree. This means that it does never work to make virtues in small matters serve selfishness in the greater matters, by abusing virtues for selfish ends, or building some kind of moral code upon a foundation in which is evil in its nature. And a similar thing applies how deception and craftiness can never serve the goodness, when it is made use of lies and selfish methods in order to obtain success for a good cause. All such compromises are originated from the evil source. It taints the man’s understanding of the truth and its moral principle so it does no longer involve any goodness at all, since the goodness must always remain pure and belong to the good source. The good source does never resort to any lies, deception, corruption, and selfishness, but all such influence must surely come from the evil source, no matter how small it seems. It is in the nature of the selfishness to be always wrong about everything, where it has no justification by its own merit, and only creates a problem and increases it even further. It is however in the nature of the goodness to be always right about everything, where it is justified in all aspects, able to create any benefit and solve any problem.
                     The pure goodness and the pure evilness is always separated from each other. The inner voice of the good source does always encourage pure goodness, while the inner voice of the evil source does both encourage pure evilness and selfish compromises. For example then the man can attempt to do both right and wrong at the same time, because he agrees with both sources but is conflicted about it, so he tries to ‘do the selfish thing in a more scrupulous way’. But these two sources do never encourage the same thing, so the man does either turn to the good source or to the evil source, rather than that they would be united or both offering the same compromises. It is not like the man can successfully mix together these contradictory natures, as if a criminal act would not be blameworthy if the criminal would show a degree of scrupulousness on his behalf, or that it could be justified the bad qualities because the man does also possess good qualities. For example then let’s say that a man would own a slave. Now it would be beside the point whether that man treats the slave in a good way, as if such a good treatment would seem to justify slavery in general or ownership for a longer time. It should still the same never be enslaved a human being to begin with, regardless of the circumstances. A similar thing applies how it should never be attempted to build some kind of moral code upon a basis which proves to be corrupt from the outset. It can happen that criminals seek to create rules that attempt to limit the wickedness of crimes, to a certain degree, rather than by avoiding all crimes to begin with and in having honest profession that does something constructive.
                     The good source is already perfect in all its glory, able to know anything and conquer anything, without ever needing any advices or support from the evil source. The sole purpose of corruption is to contradict the truth and its virtues. If the man allows himself to become corrupted then he will begin to neglect the good source and its values, until the corruption has spread to all factors in his life and deprived him of spiritual health. The good tree and the bad tree can never be united, in carrying forth common branches or fruits, for their nature does contradict completely to each other. All compromises are to the only effect in distancing the man from the pure goodness and its altruism, since even that the grey colour is not black then it is still the same not white. The man should rather be steadfast with the good tree and eat its fruits, where the attention should only be maintained on the right things that need to be done. But the man should not look back to the bad tree, nor have attention on the wrong things which should not be done. The bad tree must be plucked up by the roots, and the roots of the good tree must then replace the soil, namely the human soul. It is however not possible through our human effort alone, what we have struggled to do in our self-will, but it is only the good source which can bring us salvation. The nourishment of the good tree is manifested in a higher truth, which makes us self-aware and enlightened, in knowing what is right or wrong with our life. The good source endows us with the power to overcome any roots, branches, and fruits that belong to the evil source. It does not matter in what form it can appear to us, how loud the temptations might seem to be, or how strong grip they have upon our soul. And the same goes if the bad tree attempts to spread its seeds to the good tree, or seek to entangle the good tree with its branches. For the good tree will never budge, since the good tree is the greater one and every part of the bad tree will break down by itself.
                     The man is constantly faced with the choice which source he will adhere to and base his life upon. For that all virtues are originated from charity, while all vices are originated from self-centred desires, so it does determine where all subsequent effort will be directed to. It is not necessary that the man should give the bad tree further attention, like when the man chooses to struggle against selfish problems on his own and he does not notice anything else, since it will otherwise only lead to his negligence of the good tree and what it has to offer. It is only sufficient for the man to keep himself to the good tree, that side of the area where it is located, and then allow its good roots to replace all the bad roots that exist in his life. Therefore can new and good branches replace the old and bad ones, and bear forth fruit accordingly, until the bad tree will collapse by itself and be entirely replaced. The man will then no longer consider the evil source, its evil possibilities and selfish problems, but will only focus his attention upon that in which belongs to the good source. It is like the man will ascend higher and higher upon the good tree, in which gives him a higher vantage point of all things upon the ground, when it comes to discern its true value. The man must sacrifice his loose habits and weaknesses, in order to make room for virtues, since the old and decayed things would otherwise block all further growth. It must be prepared a new and pure foundation, rather than by seeking to fix that in which is already corrupt and irredeemable, since that no life will ever come of lifeless things.
                     It is through faith and patience that the man is able to withstand temptations in the long run, even that he does not know any definite answers to his problems, since he did so through determination alone. Then after the man has overcome these temptations then his will notice things with purer eyes, and acquire deeper understanding about its value, since his heart has been freed from the evil influence that had existed prior to it. But such enlightenment cannot take place if the man has already yielded to temptations and become corrupted, since this evil influence has changed the way in which the man sees himself and all other things. The growth of the good tree must be allowed to happen on its own accord, and in its own time, rather than the man should get ahead of himself and attempt to force it to happen too soon. The man’s own eagerness does only get in the way, like when it involves a wishful thinking or when he strains to control when the growth will happen. It can rather be said that it is sufficient to believe that the good source can make it happen on its behalf, all in its due time, when a necessity calls for it in circumstances, or when we are deemed faithful and ready enough to receive it. The blissful and peaceful place is insubstantial, not something to be travelled to in this world, but it is rather to be discovered and upheld in our soul. The map to that blissful place does consist in moral principles, where our obedience to the good source will get us closer, and unlock more benefits in our life. The same spiritual foundation is available to all human beings, but every individual must decide it by himself in what way he will build upon it, and what kind of role is best suited for him.

1.3: Truth and goodness

Now to begin with then it is a truth that all men have spoken specific words, whether it does involve thoughts or a speech. But is must still be made a discernment whether such testimony prove to be correct and confirming facts, or false and contradicting facts. It is also a truth that all men have behaved in a specific way, whether it can be called an action or a reaction. But it must still be made discernment whether such deeds prove to be proper and adaptable to the circumstances, or improper and disregarding it. It is thereby one thing what has been said and done in this world, while its actual content and context is a different matter. The goodness does always conform to the truth and leads to good consequence, while the evilness never exists in harmony with truth and leads to bad consequence. It is through the truth that one is able to discern the true nature and value of all things. The truth does both bear testimony to that what proves to be true and what proves to be false, what proves to be right and what proves to be of wrong, what proves to be proper and what proves to be improper. The truth makes us able to know why a specific choice is being considered, and to what consequences it will lead to. But it is not like that a specific choice is supposed to be ultimate, at the expense of all the other options, since the truth does bear testimony to the value of each opinion and choice. For example then it is a truth that all vices are based upon lies, while all virtues are based upon the truth. It is a truth that a reasonable counsel leads to beneficial consequences, while a short-sighted counsel lead to harmful consequences. It is a truth that a right opinion is based on facts, while wrong opinions are not based on facts. So there are not many versions of the truths taking place at the same time, which get in the way of each other and lead to contradiction, for the truth bears testimony to the lasting value of every factor.
                     The truth is not only bound to external matters, like what people have said and done openly in this world, or what kind of facts and physical laws are known about the universe. For the truth does also reach to the human soul, heart, mind, and body, what kind of activity has been taking place from within, what nature it belongs to, what is its true value and effects, both in the short term and the long one. It is true that the man can feel and think about something in a certain way, or that he has went through specific feelings and thoughts, so it cannot be denied that such personal experience took place. The truth can both accept the existence of something (that it is there) and discern whether the same thing is being founded or unfounded (what it is made out of). The truth makes us able to discern whether this activity in us is being an noble aspiration or selfish desire, whether something is really calling for it or that it is being whimsical, and whether it being done for genuine reasons or not. The individual can experience circumstances in his own unique way, according to his vantage point.  People can notice the same facts and experience the same events, but the reception and interpretation and the response does vary between individuals. But many men tend to intermingle the fact with own assumption, as if the person could not notice one fact without implicating it to an assertion, a personal bias or prejudices, which proves to be wrong in whole. For example then it is a truth that we can notice something wrong in the bearing of other people, but the following assumption or reaction toward such issues should be looked upon as a separate thing. It can namely happen that the man does receive other people’s weaknesses too much into his temper, so that he will tend to judge them in a harsh way and treat them with contempt. It was thereby a fact that such people revealed their flaws, but that man chose to interpret it in a wrong way. For he did no longer look upon these facts by themselves, what had originally happened in the situation, but he did immediately implicate the facts to another meaning, namely that foolish assertion in his mind.
                     It can be mentioned the concept of listening to one’s heart, by speaking from the heart, writing from the heart, and by having the heart in the right place. Then there is the expression of having the right spirit, when it comes to compete for a specific goal, carry it through to the very end, and in letting the deeds speak for themselves. It is about possessing high morale, and in making one’s best possible effort, as if the achievement was done for the sake of itself or as its own reward, so it is not even cared about one’s own life or self-interest. That to possess the right spirit is something in which can only be sensed and felt from within, but it is not something in which can produced forth through thoughts and mere words. It is namely the human spirit that endows us with an inner spark, in which revives our spirit and inspires us forth, so that afterwards are noble sayings and deeds made. It might at first seem that such inspiration does belong to our heart, when it is sensed or perceived a silent meaning, which encourages us to be plainspoken with ourselves. It has nothing to do with that what the mind says at the same time, as if the mind could claim all the credit and boast about it. For we would still the same have received such inspiration from the human spirit, while experiencing total silence in the mind.
                     It is not really the human heart which is some kind of intellectual organ. But it can rather be said that the heart does contain the human spirit, the very source in which endows the man with a meaningful purpose, and drives him forth to noble undertakings. Where the human spirit is there is also spiritual health and stability, but if the man is going to become healthier in his soul then he must first adhere to that in which belongs to the spirit. It does not consist in that of pretending to agree with the human spirit, or by seeking to flatter it, but it must rather be understood its moral principles and applied them in practice. The man can sense it silently in his heart what is the right thing to do, and at the same time then he can experience internal stability, equanimity, sobriety, and moderation. It was not like the man did first need to stop and think about it, by reminding himself about these or those issues, re-evaluating memories or foreseeing things in his imaginations. The proper knowledge did arrive timely by its own accord, when it was really needed in the situation, when the man had become ready to receive it and make good use of it. It can be mentioned an example about education, when it is undertaken a specific assignment. For that we can solve the lessons in a silent way, where it is often experienced a spontaneous inspiration while we are writing down our answer, and being active with our hands, even that one has not stopped and begun to think about that what should be done next. It is something that was never planned in advance, nor thought about in the meantime. But such spontaneous inspiration happened after we had arrived on the scene, so that we got the right feeling in our body.
                     It is derived a silent knowledge in our heart, according to our moral conviction and experience. It could be likened to that when a sponge does absorb water into itself, but the water cannot be seen on the surface, unless that the sponge is squeezed with another object. The knowledge does exist in our heart, although it can be unconscious or inactive for a time, until a specific circumstances will emerge that call for its involvement and proper use. Therefore must first appear a proper material, content, or a context, which can arouse that knowledge in us and draw it out. But it would otherwise never have happened while we remained idle, seeking directly for a knowledge in a whimsical or self-centred way. It can happen that we sense a specific meaning, like something heading in the right direction, although it is somewhat ambiguous, hard for us to put it into proper words and make ourselves comprehensible. It is like that conviction does need more material to call it forth, like our active participation in circumstances and human relations, so we do need to act upon that conviction in deeds before it can become a clearer message. Then it is like our knowledge does come naturally by itself, when we have to make an actual choice, be consistent with our conviction, and withstand temptations, but we would otherwise never have discovered it during idleness or selfish habits. Our personal conviction is often not explained in any definite words. But our conviction will obtain more growth through successful moral choices, what has been inclined to in our heart and practiced in the long run, reflecting our real stance.
                     The condition of the earth can change for the better or worse, but the physical law does still continue to be as equally valid. A similar thing applies about the human soul. For that many things can happen to the soul and affect it in various ways, but the moral principles of the human spirit will continue to apply just as much, about everything and everyone. The human spirit does promote truth and virtues, while the human mind does promote lies and vices. There are many vices which may seem to be different to each other, and not involving precisely the same details, but it does still belong to the same nature. For that a selfish man can seek to change his thoughts and words, like by having a different expectations or reasons for doing things. But it does still come down to the same destination, since the selfish practice remains identical, and is motivated by selfish desires. But it should be avoided all oversimplification when justice is involved. The sense of the justice must always conform to the merit of each case, what kind of testimony people give of themselves, in what way they do behave and treat each other, in what way they circumstances speak for themselves, and where the facts are already transparent. It is thereby first noticed such information by our own accord, during our presence on  the scene, and next do we seek to adapt to its demands with a proper reaction. The circumstances may be different, what kind of people are involved, and what they have done, but one should still not allow minor details to confuse oneself. It should rather be kept oneself to the definition of virtues and vices, what kind of attitude and execution does correspond to its meaning, regardless of the outward surface.
                     As the man spends more time upon idleness then it will deprive him of necessary experience, which would otherwise have dispelled all his unfounded worries and presumptions. That man will tend to contemplate the more about things that are beyond his personal experience, where he relies upon imaginations of the mind as some kind of substitute for the reality outside. Such fantasies do however lack all substance, where they do not make things any easier for the man, but these fantasies do needlessly overcomplicate things. While the man is trying to find the imaginary things that he foresees then he neglects to notice the very real things in front of him. It does also work the other way around, where as the man spends more time upon contemplations then he will become more idle and self-absorbed, neglecting to show participation in constructive goals with its following experience. It must be acknowledged the reality as it is, and adapted to its demands, rather than by preferring the mind’s version above it, its wishful thinking how the reality is ‘rather’ supposed to be. As the man does contemplate the more about the matters at hand then he will experience less sense and inspiration, in which would otherwise have accompanied the human spirit, since the man is spending all his time upon the mind and relying upon its bad advices. The old saying does apply that the deepest waters have the least noise, which means that the men whom possess wisdom are also discreet about it. But short-sighted fools are loud and boastful in their bearings, relying upon the presumptions of the mind and its false confidence, being delusional about their own importance and capability.

At our times then people tend to speak of ‘good’ things, without mentioning altruism and virtues in which define the goodness. It is also spoken about ‘bad’ things, without mentioning selfishness and vices in which define the evilness. Many do instead speak of ‘positivity’ and ‘negativity’, as if mere thoughts and words would only count, while it is neglected morality and not even confirmed one’s will in palpable deeds. People can thereby speak of things which are supposed to be good or bad, while they do lack understanding of the original source, its essence and lasting value. It is failed to define each nature, what separates them, and marks the boundary between them. It can happen that the man does praise the good things which he doe not practice, and he does condemn bad things which he has already yielded to in his life. The man’s conduct does contradict his words, so that he is not in any position to pass verdicts in such matters.
                     Sometimes that matter is not about that whether specific words seem to be ‘positive’ or ‘beautiful’, but rather whether the man is actually being consistent with his own speech. It should be looked upon the speech in context with his life, what the man has hitherto done, what has taken place before he made that speech, and what will happen afterwards. Any man can speak in a ‘positive’ way about seemingly good things, while it remains totally irrelevant to the foundation of his life, and conduct at all times. That to think and speak is not the same thing as conviction and choices, so that any selfish man can speak about great things while it is not within his power to achieve them. But the scrupulous man can just as well think of nothing and say nothing out loud, while he goes straight for the conviction of his heart and achieves a noble deed in a silent way. The purpose of the speech is to make one comprehensible to other people, so it will involve mutual understanding, what kind of context is wanted to share and promote. But it is not like we do think and speak as an end in itself, without any tangible response or execution, since we need to make it come true what we have been intending for. If the man would always be thinking and speaking then there would be no time left for deeds, since that empty words are unable to achieve anything by their own accord. The man is being defined by his moral choices, what kind of person he is, what he has chosen to become, and what he is capable of, so the conduct reflects what kind of qualities he possesses. But we can’t decide to have these or those qualities, merely by thinking and speaking about them, as if the qualities could be taken or removed at our convenience.
                     A pure goodness is manifested in altruism. It describes itself in an unconditional goodwill, where it is pursued for and practiced goodness for the sake of itself, without any expectations of making profit in return. The noble man is only concerned about the welfare of living persons, even that it would be at the expense of his own self-interest or image among other people. The goodness is originated from the human spirit, but not from one’s self-will or wishful thinking. The goodness is the life, and a gift which is shared to the human people. So the man can at most receive it and become the practitioner of the goodness, but never claim to have invented it. It is a foolish thing to implicate the goodness to oneself, as if one could be justified as a ‘good man’, in having something to prove or boast of, to obtain some kind of self-gratification. The goodness is about personal conviction and moral choices each day, one at a time, but it is not something which can be achieved once and for all. There will always be another day after this day, which will test our resolve in following the goodness, so that we can continue to build upon the recent progress.  It must be explained the nature of the goodness, what is the purpose with all of this, and its relevance to our own life, why we should believe in the goodness and seek to practice it. It would be a foolish thing neglect such important questions, and take it too much for granted, since we would otherwise be speaking and doings things that we do not understand. It can be mentioned an example when people are very eager to follow the divinity, but it is done with so little sense. For it is not even bothered to understand its true nature, what the divinity is really looking after, or what the divinity feels about their service. The people will thereby dedicate their whole life to something that they are ignorant of, as if piety would only be implicated to manual labour, but not spiritual freedom and understanding. It is exactly the same thing with the faith in the goodness. For we must approach it through the fundamental values, and then we can become sensible and able enough, when it comes undertake something which bestows benefits and is of lasting value.
                     Each individual should recognize his spiritual gifts and cultivate them further, what makes him special and different from other men. All blessings are bestowed by the divinity, but no man is able to contain them all at the same time, or be best in everything. It is like the divinity has divided the blessings between men, in different quantity and quality, what things the man is more interested in than others, and able to become efficient in its practice. The individual can become expert in few fields, where he spends more time upon it than other people, so he is finally able to make great discoveries and inventions. That individual does then share that knowledge to other people, and he can help those that are ignorant of it or lack the potential. That individual can in turn be helped by other experts, and so forth, so the human people are supposed to support each other. This is why it has been achieved so much progress for the recent centuries, because we do not need to do so many things at the same time, or try do everything from the scratch. It is not like the old times, where most of the time was spent upon that in searching for food, finding shelter, and in building every object for oneself. So it was like every man was doing same thing, and no time was left to be invested in education and expertise. But in our times then we can turn to the expert in such matters and receive help in no time, rather than that we would always be stuck at the same problem, and have no clue about it. Many small things make one great result, which in this case applies to the contribution of every individual, so the society will benefit in whole and become highly sophisticated. There should of course be promoted unity and harmony among the citizens, when it comes to work together for a noble goal and make the society a better place for everyone. And a similar applies with the bigger picture, when free states work with each other, share knowledge and resources, and are willing to form an alliance against common enemy.
                     But it is not so when totalitarian states and empires are involved, when it is attempted to shape all men into the same mould, in thinking and behaving in the same way. The human restrictions of the dictator will be reflected to every aspect in the society, where the selfish desires and incompetence of one man will be at the expense of everyone else. If the society will remain repressed and stagnant then it is because it has already happened from within the ruler, what kind of delusions and impulses have been afflicting his soul. It is indeed a foolish notion when a totalitarian state encourages the citizens to be only concerned about the whole, the welfare of the state and all the people. For that every individual is being neglected at the same time, where no man is free and happy while he only thinks about someone else, and so forth. It is the individuals that make the whole, but it is not the whole that makes the individuals. So it is only individual freedom which can make everyone free in the process, where many small things lead to one great result. If the individual neglects himself then he is in no position to improve other persons, and the same goes about the society in whole and its dealings with foreign ones. It can be mentioned the contradiction when a ruler is not contented with his own kingdom and neglects its internal affairs, while he only gazes upon foreign wars and conquests. But it does not matter whether new lands and new peoples can be obtained, because the ruler will also not be contented with it and neglect its affairs, since he does already own it. For that ruler will instead gaze upon other territories which he does not still possess, like the same problem is merely delayed or transferred between locations. There must first be an internal change and next it will lead to external change. For the inner changes will prepare the soil, make the men willing enough in wanting an external change, in receiving it when the opportunity present itself, and capable of making good use of it. A broad-minded ruler seeks to expand the spaciousness of the citizens souls, that they might become more understanding and virtuous and humane, that there might be more of fair reforms and merciful progress in the society. But a narrow-minded ruler is only concerned about expanding the boundaries of his country/land, while narrowing/repressing the souls of all the citizens within. Because it can no longer be done simple/fundamental things (like by confessing the humble truth and that things need to improve); then the society becomes utterly incapable of reforms and progress.
                     The man must know the purpose of the goodness, so it can determine his overall attitude. Why should the man practice the goodness in the first place, what kind of benefits is wanted to promote, or what end is had in sight?  That same purpose will always continue to apply, regardless of time and place, since it is sought to promote the wellbeing of the person, and help it have a virtuous life. The purpose is meant to explain why we should continue to practice goodness in the long run, by being willing enough to do it, in understanding the reasons behind it, and bold enough to endure opposition, as if we were only contented with the good act. The man should try to accustom himself to virtue, until it becomes a habit to him or like a second nature, so he will continue to do good act instantly, without reminding himself too much about it. This means that the man will always stay on the path, but he will not make exceptions or be sometimes lax in between. It is not like the man can decide to take a break from the goodness, or keep some factors to himself, so the man can retire and become selfish for some time, and then return some time later. The goodness should be done for its own sake, and as its own reward, so the man should no longer try to rationalize why he should do a good act, but rather how he can accomplish it. A faithful soldier does so unconditionally, but he does not try to rationalize with himself which side he should choose, or whether to stand his ground or abandon his comrades, since it is a treachery in itself to consider such things in the first place. This is why we don’t need to count/invent these or those reasons in order to justify the goodness, by weighing up the advantage to be gained or lost by doing so. For the matter is not about that whether the goodness has the rightful claim, but rather whether we are willing to acknowledge the obvious truth, and apply its human decency to our own life. However the selfish man is constantly reevaluating good acts, so it only involves temporary behaviour, since it has no foundation and can thereby not last for long. The selfish man presumes it is too difficult to do a good act, and even that he manages to accomplish then he will instantly boast about it. So he is indirectly admitting that such good act is the mere exception of the day, contrary to his general attitude and motivation.
                     The goodness will always continue to be just as valid, why it should be practiced at all. But the means are not always the same, because what works in one situation does not necessarily work in another, since the circumstances and the people involved can differ. It should first be discerned why there is a need for intervention, then how it should be executed and at what timing, and to what kind of consequences it is sought to promote.  For example then people do first decide what justified their involvement in a war, and then that reason will drive forth everything else, so the subsequent effort is in the name of that reason. But it is as different matter in what way the war is conducted, to obtain victory. The participants can come up with different military goals and location of battles, like why it should be attacked a certain target, how it should be planned and the best way to execute it. It is all about a right prioritization, where a proper motive leads to proper execution, at a proper timing, and then finally to proper results or consequences. But if one factor is neglected then it will ruin the undertaking in whole, and what has been planned. If the motive is wrong then the execution will be neglected as well, or the success would surely be misused, even that a servant would come up with right execution for the master. The motive can be right but it is come up with a sloppy execution, or at an improper timing, so it is failed to achieve proper results, which would otherwise have been made good use of. It is only proper motive that can lead to proper execution, and only proper means that can lead to proper results. So that a proper motive is more likely to achieve right execution than wrong motive, but a right motive does not necessarily guarantee a proper results. Only the means can lead to the outcome, but outcome is not a separate part or something to be achieved directly. But it is still a question what should be aimed for, in determining the direction of the goal, its location, and its contribution to the victory. The justice should be known by its children, what kind of consequences and effects will follow. It can be judged a cause by its results, whether it should have been considered and undertaken to begin with, or whether only the means were to be blamed for failure.
                     It is not like one can contemplate everything in advance, and standardize every response, even before one has ever attended to the circumstances and experienced its demands. Such improper measures could be likened to statues, which might have a beautiful appearance, but are still the same lifeless, unable to move or respond to any changes. But proper means must be fluid and flexible, where it is first attended to the circumstances and next adapted to it, rather than by seeking to make the circumstances adapt to ones presumptions. It is not enough to wish for good things in isolation, and come up with one-sided measures to help other people, before one has actually inquired into it. The goodness must always work in harmony with the human recipient, what he does feel about one’s intended intervention, and whether he will approve of it. What is that man’s current stance? Does he really want to receive help, or will he appreciate it afterwards? And one could give valuable objects to the man, but it will not conclude the matter, because he can either use these objects for decent or selfish ends. The goodness does not involve a mechanical process, as if one would be too aware about the effects, while it is neglected to care for the recipient during the human relations. For example then we do not need to think directly about good qualities, and its description, like we would only speak about courage during danger but fail to handle the challenge. It is only sufficient to focus upon the person, the circumstances, and the moment, what kind of topics and intervention can appeal to the qualities and correspond to them. The man does first need to move on with his life, and then afterwards will he experience all kinds of new circumstances, which can happen unexpectedly and without preparation. Then will the man need to make an important choice, where it is chosen one thing and rejected another thing at the same time, rather than by doing nothing or choosing two contrary options. It is not like the man can chase after that kind of circumstances, attempt to force good deeds to happen, and meddle with the choices of other people. A good act must work in harmony with the human spirit, and the inspiration at that moment, but the man is never able to achieve a good deed contrary to the human spirit.

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